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This text is for reference purpose only and may not be used in any way or modified without my permission or citation.


The genre "impromptu" first appeared in 1817. Many composers used the title "impromptu" in their work such as Czerny, Kalkbrenner, Moscheles, Vorisek, Schubert... but few had a clear construction of the form. Kenneth DeLong after analyzing the impromptus of Vorisek and Schubert concludes that even Schubert did not name his first set of impromptus and he just happened to name the second set the title "impromptus", which in his mind meant "piano pieces" or "characteristic pieces" composed occasionally. Given the genre was developed individually and gradually, there however was association of Chopin's impromptu Op.66 with Schubert's impromptu Op.90 No.2 and Moscheles' impromptu Op.80. 

Impromptu [No. 1], A flat major, Op. 29, 1837

Impromptu [No. 2], F sharp major, Op. 36, 1839

Impromptu [No. 3], G flat major, Op. 51, 1842

Impromptu [No. 4] (Fantaisie-Impromptu), C sharp minor, Op. 66, 1834

The Fantaisie Impromptu is numbered 4th but was actually the first to be composed.

Largo E flat major, 1847

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